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District Chhatarpur is known after the name of great warrior of the region Maharaja Chhatarsal who reigned here in 18th century. Chhatrashal Bundela, the fourth son of Champat Ray, was one of the greatest Bundelas who fought for the freedom of Bundelkhand. He started his struggle in 1671, and first captured Naugaon region of Chhatarpur district. He fought for 50 years against Mughals and captured a large part of Bundelkhand with his seat of power at Panna. Bajirao Peshwa helped Chhatrashal against the Mughals.
The district is situated at the North East border of Madhya Pradesh. The district is spread over an area of 8687 sq. Kms. with longitudes and latitudes of 24.06 & 25.20 on North 78.59 – 80.26 on east respectively. Rivers Ken and Dhasan are the physical boundaries on the east and west respectively. This district is surrounded on the north by district Mahoba (UP), on the south by Damoh, on the east by Panna and on the west by Tikamgarh. The rivers Ken and Dhasan separate the districts, respectively from Panna in the east and Tikamgarh in the west.
The disparity in the economy seen at various levels. Basically the district has an agrarian economy with operational holding of 2.89 hectare. Out of which 1,07682 is under irrigation. Level of industrialization is not encouraging. The majority of the population of the district migrates to big cities in search of employment and their livelihood. Education is not merely a means of better income and employment opportunities for individuals or for higher economic growth potential. Thus a social benefit of education is spread in many directions.
1.2 Khajuraho : The world fame monument
Khajuraho, the famous tourist attraction in India, is situated in the district of Chhatarpur. Khajuraho has a range of temples with remarkable work of stonecarving on the walls. They were created by the Chandela kings who ruled Bundelkhand, before the rise of Bundela in the region.
Most of the temples at Khajuraho were built in a short span of about a hundred years, between 950 and 1050 AD.The Chandela dynasty claimed its descent from a Brahmin priest’s daughter, Hemvati, who is said to have fallen in love with Chandra, the moon-god. The child of Chandra and Hemvati, Chandravarman, founded the dynasty. Inscriptions found near the temples show that Harshadeva ruled in the early 10th century, and was followed by Yasovarman, Dhanga and Vidyadhara. As each of them expanded the Chandela kingdom, they also made additions to the temple complex. At the height of their empire, the Chandelas ruled over almost the entire Madhya Pradesh. The first invasions of India came during the reign of Vidyadhara. A turbulent period followed during which the Chandelas moved to hill forts to defend their kingdom against attacks. Their rule eventually ended in the 14th century. And the temple complex at Khajuraho, created in a remote, heavily forested area, remained forgotten till 1838 when it was re-discovered by Captain T.S. Burt of the Asiatic Society.
1.3 Demographic Data
Total population of the district as per census 2001 is 1474633. Out of which 788845 (53%) are males and 685788 (47%) are females. The decadal growth in population is 316557. The sex ratio is 1000: 869.
Table 1.1 Growth in Population
Source: census 1991 - 2001
1.4 Literacy Status
The district literacy as per census 2001 is 53.44 % which is 11% below than national literacy rate which is 64.11%. Chhatarpur has recorded a good growth in the literacy level. A brief profile of the district is given in the table below.
Table 1.2 Literacy Rate District Chhatarpur
Source: Census 1991-2001
Block wise detail of literacy male & female, category wise and urban and rural is given in table no.2 in annexure.
1.5 General Administration and Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs)
There are 6 Tehsils and 8 Blocks. The number of General Administration Offices and Panchayati Raj Institutions is given in table 1.3.
Table 1.3 Showing General Administration and PRIs
1.6 Janshiksha Kendras
There are 145 Janshiksha kendras in the district. Blockwise number of these JSKs are given in table below.
Table 1.4 Showing number of Janshiksha Kendras
2.1 Educational Facilities
District Chhatarpur has made a lot of progress in the field of Elementary Education in last 10 years. The Educational indicator of the district has shown a positive growth in these years as a result of well planned strategies and proper implementation of the programs. The present status of Elementary Education of the district is given below.
Table 2.1 Showing block wise Educational Facilities
There are 1922 Govt. Primary schools (including UEGS) and 406 Private Primary Schools in district Chhatarpur. There are 894 Upper Primary schools, out of them 324 are private and 571 are Govt. middle schools.
Table 2.2 Showing Other Educational facilities in the district are as under
2.2 Number of teachers in PS/MS
Table 2. 3 Showing status of teacher in Govt. Primary Schools
Table 2.4 Cadre wise detail of Primary Teachers (Government)
Table 2.5 Status of Teachers in Govt. Middle Schools
Source AWP Chhatarpur